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Sunday, April 19, 2020 | History

3 edition of Multidrug resistance found in the catalog.

Multidrug resistance

Loretta D. Ulincy

Multidrug resistance

January 1988 through September 1992 : 2250 citations

by Loretta D. Ulincy

  • 305 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine, Reference Section in Bethesda, Md. (8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda 20894) .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Multidrug resistance -- Bibliography,
  • Drug resistance -- Bibliography,
  • Antineoplastic agents -- Bibliography

  • Edition Notes

    Statementprepared by Loretta D. Ulincy, Michael M. Gottesman.
    GenreBibliography.
    SeriesCurrent bibliographies in medicine -- no. 92-9.
    ContributionsGottesman, Michael M., National Library of Medicine (U.S.). Reference Section.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 161 p. ;
    Number of Pages161
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17138625M
    OCLC/WorldCa27228354

    MDRO: Definition • Multidrug-Resistant Organisms (MDROs) are defined as microorganisms that are resistant to one or more classes of antimicrobial agents. • Three most common MDROs are: 1. Methicillin-Resistant Staph aureus (MRSA) 2. Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci: (VRE) 3.


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Multidrug resistance by Loretta D. Ulincy Download PDF EPUB FB2

Multidrug resistance in bacteria may be generated by one of two mechanisms. First, these bacteria may accumulate multiple genes, each coding for resistance to a single drug, within a single cell.

This Multidrug resistance book occurs typically on resistance (R) plasmids. Second, multidrug resistance may also occur by the increased expression of genes that Cited by: Multidrug Resistance: An Emerging Crisis Jyoti Tanwar, Shrayanee Das, Multidrug resistance book Fatima, and Saif Hameed Amity Institute of Biote chnolog y, Amity Univer sity Hary ana, Manesar.

ABC Transporters and Multidrug Resistance offers an essential resource for pharmaceutical researchers who are working to discover drugs to counteract multidrug Multidrug resistance book in diseases such as cancer.

In one comprehensive volume, this book contains a collection of the most current knowledge on the involvement of ABC transporters in drug transport.

Multidrug resistance is the main mechanism by which cancers develop resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. Consequently, it is also an important factor in the failure of many forms of Multidrug resistance book.

This review describes the mechanisms of tumor resistance to drugs and the attempts to discover novel compounds that interact with Multidrug resistance book. Rosenberg, in It's in Your DNA, In s, several Japanese researchers showed that multiple-drug resistance could be transferred between Shigella and other bacteria.

For example, if multidrug resistant Shigella came in contact with Escherichia coli, either in a test tube or in the intestines, a high percentage of the E. coli strains became multidrug resistant.

"The book is well organized and its 17 chapters cover a host of topics, from basic mechanisms of multidrug resistance to specific plant genera and select phytochemicals that offer promise For researchers interested in the current status of phytochemicals for treating multidrug-resistant microorganisms, this book is an invaluable resource."/5(2).

Combination Therapy against Multidrug Resistance explores the potential of combination therapy as an efficient strategy to combat multi-drug book considers how combination therapy can apply in multiple situations, including cancer, HIV, tuberculosis, fungal infections, and Edition: 1.

Multidrug resistance in bacteria may be generated by one of two mechanisms. First, these bacteria may accumulate multiple genes, each coding for Author: Hiroshi Nikaido. Antibiotic Resistance PDF Author Kateryna Kon Isbn Multidrug resistance book size MB Year Pages Language English File format PDF Category Free Medical Books,Pharmacology Download the Multidrug resistance book Download Book Description: Antibiotic Resistance: Mechanisms and New Antimicrobial Approaches Multidrug resistance book up-to-date knowledge in mechanisms of antibiotic.

This book describes antibiotic resistance amongst pathogenic bacteria. It starts with an overview of the erosion of the efficacy of antibiotics by resistance and the decrease in the rate of replacement of redundant compounds.

The origins of antibiotic resistance are then described. It is proposed that there is a large bacterial resistome which is a collection of all. resistance [re-zis´tans] 1. opposition, or counteracting force, as opposition of a conductor to passage of electricity or other energy or Multidrug resistance book.

the natural ability of a normal organism to remain unaffected by noxious agents in its Multidrug resistance book see also immunity. in psychology or psychiatry, conscious or unconscious defenses against change.

Multidrug resistance came about after the Multidrug resistance book of drugs because bacteria soon became anti resistant. There are two forms of multidruge resistance occurring. The first way is by genes coding for resistance on R plasmids or transposons.

The second way is by efflux pumps which are able to pump out one or more drugs at a time. Multidrug resistance pumps Multidrug resistance book pumps) also known Multidrug efflux pumps are a type of efflux pump and pumps in the cell membrane extrudes many foreign substances out of the cells and some pumps Multidrug resistance book have a broad specificity.

MDR pumps exist in animals, fungi, and bacteria and likely evolved as a defense mechanism against harmful substances. Description Combination Therapy against Multidrug Resistance explores the potential of combination therapy as an efficient strategy to combat multi-drug resistance.

The book considers how combination therapy can apply in multiple situations, including cancer, HIV, tuberculosis, fungal infections, and Rating: % positive. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is defined as insensitivity or resistance of a microorganism to the administered antimicrobial medicines (which are structurally unrelated and have different molecular targets) despite earlier sensitivity to it [1, 2].

According to WHO, these resistant microorganisms (like bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) are Cited by: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a public health problem worldwide ().Compared with drug-susceptible TB, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB; i.e., TB with resistance to at least isoniazid and rifampin) requires longer, more expensive treatment and is less likely to be cured (2,3).Russia has the third highest burden worldwide of MDR TB; ≈41, pulmonary cases were notified in.

The emergence of resistant cancer cells after repeated courses of chemotherapy is exacerbated by the development of multidrug resistance and has reduced the promise of combination chemotherapy. This book primarily deals with the basic issues related to the mechanisms of multidrug resistance (MDR), with minimal emphasis on clinical studies.

First, these bacteria may accumulate multiple genes, each coding for resistance to a single drug, within a single cell. This accumulation occurs typically on resistance (R) plasmids. Second, multidrug resistance may also occur by the increased expression of genes that code for multidrug efflux pumps, extruding a wide range of drugs.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xiii, pages: illustrations ; 25 cm. Contents: The P-glycoprotein just a multidrug resistance protein or a protean molecule. Multidrug Resistance 1, also called MDR1, is an inherited condition affecting several breeds of dogs, especially herding dogs such as the Australian shepherd.

The Mutation in the ABCB1 gene associated with MDR1 causes dysfunction of P-glycoprotein, which is responsible for removing certain drugs and toxins from the body.

Clinical signs are most. In Multi-Drug Resistance in Cancer, leading researchers in the field provide comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of multidrug resistance mechanisms, from over-expression of ATP-binding cassette drug transporters such as P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated proteins, and breast cancer resistance protein, to the drug ratio-dependent.

Microbial Drug Resistance (MDR) is an international, peer-reviewed journal that covers the global spread and threat of multi-drug resistant clones of major pathogens that are widely documented in hospitals and the scientific community. The Journal addresses the serious challenges of trying to decipher the molecular mechanisms of drug resistance.

The target audience for IDSAP Book 2 (Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Infections) is board certified and advanced-level infectious disease pharmacists involved in evidence-based management strategies for the prevention and management of.

Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Interpretation of GeneXpert Results GeneXpert Diagnostic Algorithm Baseline Investigations for DR-TB WHO DR-TB Drug Grouping Common Adverse Drug Reactions Summary of MDR-TB Regimens in SA MDR-TB Treatment Adult Dosing Rifampicin Resistance Algorithm for Patient Management Multidrug resistance (MDR) occurs when microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites are excessively exposed to antimicrobial drugs such as antibiotics, antifungals, or antivirals, and in response the microorganism undergoes mutations or develops different resistance mechanisms to combat the drug for its survival.

Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest public health challenges of our time. Each year in the U.S., at least million people get an antibiotic-resistant infection, and more t people die.

Fighting this threat is a public health priority that requires a. Multiple drug resistance is a condition enabling a disease-causing organism to resist distinct drugs or chemicals of a wide variety of structure and function targeted at eradicating the organism.

Infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria are an increasing problem world-wide. In our view, when all these issues are considered, the terms “pandrug resistance,” “extensive drug resistance,” and “multidrug resistance” should designate, respectively, resistance of a pathogen to all, resistance to all but 1 or 2, and resistance to ⩾3 classes of antimicrobial agents, among those that are available at the time Cited by:   Neoplastic resistance• Cancer cells also have the ability to become resistant to multiple different drugs, and share many of the same mechanisms Increased efflux of drug (as by P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated protein, lung resistance-related protein, and breast cancer resistance protein)2.

Extensively drug resistant TB (XDR TB) is a rare type of MDR TB that is resistant to isoniazid and rifampin, plus any fluoroquinolone and at least one of three injectable second-line drugs (i.e., amikacin, kanamycin, or capreomycin).

Because XDR TB is resistant to the most potent TB drugs, patients are left with treatment options that are much. This book summarizes the results of molecular biological, pharmacological, bio chemical, cytogenetic, immunological, and pathological studies on multidrug resistance in mammalian cells.

Most of the chapters deal at least to some extent with the structure and expression of P-glycoprotein and its role in multidrug resistance.". As multidrug resistance (Latin compositum) is called in medicine a form of antibiotic or antiviral drug resistance in the so-called germs (bacteria or viruses) against several different / almost (almost) all antibiotics or antivirals are insensitive.

They are also referred to as MRE germs / Multi-drug resistant pathogens. Causes. Multidrug resistance of bacteria to antibiotics in medicine is.

Multidrug resistance transporters find drugs that try to gain entry through a cell membrane and they transport them back outside. The one shown here, Sav from PDB entry 2onj, is found in Staphylococcus bacteria. The protein is composed of two. Resistance to chemotherapy is the single most important reason for treatment failure in cancer patients.

Over the past 15 years, we have gained significant insight into one of the mechanisms responsible for this process: multidrug resistance (MDR). Far from being a phenomenon limited to the laboratory, multidrug resistance has been identified in a wide Cited by: Multidrug resistance (MDR) represents a complex phenomenon, caused not only by nondiscriminative antibiotic therapy in both human and animal medicine but also by the transfer of resistance genes between different bacteria.

Animals besides different environments embody a niche for the development of resistant microbiomes, representing a serious threat to people Author: Marina Spinu, Mihaela Niculae, Silvana Popescu, Emoke Pall, Carmen Dana Sandru. Multidrug resistance (MDR) describes a variety of strategies that tumour cells develop to evade the cytotoxic effects of anti-cancer drugs.

Tumour cells that have become MDR show decreased cellular sensitivity to the drug employed in chemotherapy as well as a broad spectrum of drugs without obvious common targets or structural homology. "The book is well organized and its 17 chapters cover a host of topics, from basic mechanisms of multidrug resistance to specific plant genera and select phytochemicals that offer promise For researchers interested in the current status of phytochemicals for treating multidrug-resistant microorganisms, this book is an invaluable resource.".

View Multidrug Resistance Research Papers on for free. "The book is well organized and its 17 chapters cover a host of topics, from basic mechanisms of multidrug resistance to specific plant genera and select phytochemicals that offer promise For researchers interested in the current status of phytochemicals for treating multidrug-resistant microorganisms, this book is an invaluable resource."Author: Mahendra Rai.

Efflux pumps enable bacteria to extrude structurally diverse antimicrobials, facilitating survival in toxic environments and enhancing bacterial pathogenesis. With contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book reviews the most important current research and summarizes the most spectacular discoveries.

Essential reading. This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Multidrug Resistance Score, MDR Score, Healthcare Associated Multidrug Resistance Risk in Pneumonia.Reversal of Multidrug Resistance in Cancer - CRC Press Book This critical, state-of-the-art review brings together the scattered and often controversial information on multidrug resistance reversal.

Leading scientists in the field cover P-glycoprotein, the genetics of resistance, and its reversal by drugs. Abstract. Understanding the nuances of AmpC β-lactamase–mediated resistance ebook be challenging, ebook for the infectious diseases specialist.

AmpC resistance can be classified into 3 categories: (1) inducible chromosomal resistance that emerges in the setting of a β-lactam compound, (2) stable derepression due to mutations in ampC regulatory genes, or (3) the Cited by: 8.